Additional Course Materials: Math 7520: Algebraic Topology: Cohomology
In reverse chronological order:
Hopf Algebras, Ribbon Graphs & Moduli Space references
and, of course, Wikipedia.
The Hopf fibration is ubiquitous in topology. Its fibres give the Hopf link (& lead to linking numbers.) The stable one-stem of the stable homotopy of spheres is represented by the Hopf fibration.
The references below gives some of the applications to physics and the cell structure of CP[n].
The first is a Mathematica notebook for ribbon graphs (a.k.a. dessins), the second a set of exercises on Euler
characteristic, minimal triangulation of a surface and the Riemann-Hurwitz formula.
Differential Forms and deRham cohomology
Besides wikipedia on the above terms, the following is a good overview with further references, particularly the books of
Fleming, Flanders and the omnibus: Tu/Bott. The MIT Course on Geometry of manifolds in Fall, 2004 contains an excellent
introduction to manifolds with smooth atlases, vector bundles, transversality, Poincare's Lemma and a proof of de Rham's
Cohomology of Graphs
The cohomology of graphs presents interesting features of cohomology (particularly infinite graphs.) There is a good
introduction in Chapter 2 of B. Bollobas's book: Modern Graph Theory, relating the computation of the cohomology groups of a
geometric graph (as a topological space) with graph theoretic notions (e.g. incidence and adjacency matrices, Kirchoff's
laws, etc). An interesting related exercise is to modernize the paper below and to implement the computation in the
Mathematica notebook on ribbon graphs above.
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